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Emergency and Urgent Care

Your Guide to Emergency and Urgent Care

Emergency Care and Urgent Care

We recognize that a visit to an Emergency Department can be stressful for you and your family, especially during medical emergencies.

Our healthcare team will serve you as quickly as we can, and we will make every effort to make your visit a positive experience.

Click here for Emergency Department and Urgent Care Centre Wait Times

    Download your copy of: 

    Your Guide to Emergency and Urgent Care

    Personal Emergency Information Card

    Your Medications Matter Brochure
Bring with you all prescription and non-prescription medications you are currently taking.




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  • Emergency Care and Urgent CareUnderstanding your medical options will help you get the right care as quickly as possible.

    Emergency Departments treat the sickest patients first. Patients with life- or limb-threatening injuries or illnesses are treated first, followed by those with less urgent illnesses or medical conditions.


    Did you know … our Emergency Departments and Urgent Care Centres are open 24/7? They had more than 190,000 visits over the past year. That’s an average of 520 per day.

  • Emergency Care and Urgent CareIf your medical problem isn’t urgent, you may want to consider alternatives other than the Emergency Department.

    Minor illnesses and injuries can often be treated more quickly through:

    • Urgent Care Centres at our sites in Fort Erie, Port Colborne and St. Catharines (single entry point links the ED and UC services in St. Catharines)
    • The walk-in clinic at our Niagara-on-the-Lake Site
    • Your family doctor
    • Community walk-in clinics
    • Family Health Teams

    Using any of these options for minor medical issues helps alleviate pressure on Emergency Departments and reduces wait times for everyone.

  • For advice on the right place to receive the care you need, you can get help through these sources:

    • Telehealth Ontario at 1-866-797-0000
    • Ontario’s Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care lists Physicians, Emergency Departments, Urgent Care Centres and Walk-in Clinics in your area www.ontario.ca/healthcareoptions or call 1-866-330-6206

    Did you know … almost half of the patients at our EDs and UCCs are between the ages of 18 and 54, and almost one quarter are aged 65 and older.

  • Emergency Care and Urgent CareOur specialized ED teams treat patients who come in following a 9-1-1 call and arrive by ambulance.

    They also treat walk-in patients for emergencies including:

    • Broken bones
    • Dizziness
    • Serious illness
    • Serious injury
    • Mental health issues

    Did you know … the top three reasons people visited our Emergency Departments over the past year were for abdominal and pelvic pain, throat and chest pains, and acute upper respiratory infections.

  • Emergency Care and Urgent CareUrgent care is medical attention and treatment for people experiencing less serious illnesses and injuries.

    Experienced Emergency Department doctors and nurses provide urgent care.

    No appointments are necessary.

    Did you know … wait times are typically shorter in our Urgent Care Centres than in our Emergency Departments.


    Emergency Care and Urgent Care

    • Minor abdominal pain (nausea, vomiting, flu)
    • Coughs, colds, fever
    • Ear, nose, throat and eye problems
    • Minor mental health issues
    • Cuts that may need stitches
    • Sprains, strains, sports injuries
    • Minor asthma attacks or allergic reactions

    Did you know … not all ER visits are actually emergencies. Almost 25,000 visits last year were for minor conditions and concerns that could have been treated more quickly by a family doctor, at a walk-in clinic or elsewhere in the community.

  • Emergency Care and Urgent CareIn all medical emergencies, call 9-1-1.
    When in doubt, call 9-1-1.

    Niagara Emergency Medical Services (EMS) has the right system in place to ensure patients are safely cared for when they need emergency medical help.

    Paramedics provide emergency pre-hospital medical care to stabilize a patient’s condition at the scene and during transport to hospital.

  • Emergency Care and Urgent CareIt is difficult to estimate how long your wait will be. Wait times can vary, and change quickly, due to a number of factors, including:

    • The severity of each patient’s condition or illness
    • The number of other patients seeking medical attention
    • Whether you require diagnostic or lab tests, such as a CT scan or blood work
    • Traffic accidents with numerous casualties or patients arriving with life- or limb-threatening conditions who need immediate medical attention
    • The time of day; mornings tend to be less busy than evenings. Weekends also tend to be busier when family doctors are not on duty.

    It may appear quiet in the waiting room, but it may be very busy in the area where patients are being treated.

    We are doing our best to care for you as quickly as possible. Your co-operation helps us provide more timely care. Please be respectful of our staff and other patients and visitors.

    Did you know … almost 34,000 patients arrived at our EDs last year by ambulance.


    Emergency Care and Urgent CareThe first step for all patients arriving at an Emergency Department/Urgent Care is to be assessed by a Triage Nurse.

    The Triage Nurse will evaluate your condition and prioritize your medical need.

    Patients are seen on a priority basis, not on a first-come first-served basis. This ensures the sickest patients get the care they need first — even though they may arrive at the ED after other patients.


    Emergency Care and Urgent CareTo evaluate your medical needs, the Triage Nurse will ask you for details about:

    • the circumstances that brought you to hospital
    • your history of illness or injury
    • whether you have allergies
    • which medications you take

    The nurse will also check your temperature, pulse or blood pressure during the triage process.

    Did you know … The word ‘triage’ comes from the French word ‘trier’ and means to separate, sift or select.

  • Emergency Care and Urgent CareTriage nurses across Canada use the Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale (CTAS) to evaluate medical urgency. There are five triage levels, No. 1 being the most critical and No. 5 being non-urgent.

    Level 1
    Critical — obviously life threatening
    Conditions requiring resuscitation, including cardiac arrest, shock and major trauma

    Level 2
    Emergent — potential threat to life or limb
    Examples include asthma, altered mental state, chest pain suggestive of heart problems

    Level 3
    Urgent — a condition or serious problem requiring emergency intervention
    Examples include abdominal pain, mild dehydration, kidney stone or shortness of breath

    Level 4
    Less Urgent — conditions which because of distress or potential for complications would benefit from intervention
    Examples include vomiting and diarrhea with no dehydration, bladder infections, lacerations and earaches

    Level 5
    Non Urgent — conditions which are non-urgent and/or which might be part of a chronic problem
    Examples include sore throat and insect bites

    Did you know … The majority of our ED and Urgent Care patients last year (91,646) were Triaged as Level 3.

  • Emergency Care and Urgent Care

    • Tell the Triage Nurse immediately if your condition changes or you begin to feel worse.
    • Don’t leave the ED without telling the Triage Nurse and having your condition re-evaluated.
    • Don’t eat or drink anything without speaking to the Triage Nurse first — some tests cannot be performed if you have consumed food or beverages.
    • Wash your hands frequently with a cleansing solution provided in the waiting area and throughout the ED. Handwashing is key to prevent and control the spread of infection.
    • Have only one friend or family member wait with you, if possible. This will help reduce your own level of stress and prevent overcrowding.
    • If possible, leave young children at home in the care of an appropriate person.
    • Please be respectful and courteous to other patients and hospital staff.


  • Emergency Care and Urgent CareMost people arriving at an Emergency Department will follow these steps:

    • Arrival in Emergency Department
    • Triage
    • Registration
    • Consultation with our healthcare team
    • Diagnostic, lab tests as required
    • Diagnosis
    • Treatment begins
    • Discharge or admission

    You may be requested to wait between some of these stages.

    If you have respiratory symptoms, you may be asked to wear a mask. This is for the safety of others in the waiting room.

    Did you know … Approximately one if every 10 patients who come to our EDs are admitted directly to the hospital.

  • Emergency Care and Urgent CareProviding a quality patient experience is a top priority for our Emergency Department physicians, staff and volunteers.
    Here are some of the things we’ve done to reduce wait times and improve your hospital experience:

    • Added more coverage by nurse practitioners, who can treat patients with less urgent conditions
    • Improved collaboration with Niagara Emergency Medical Services to provide rapid attention to patients arriving by ambulance.
    • Added additional volunteers to support our patients and families, including providing warm blankets, answering questions, helping with communication, and giving directions. Our volunteers wear red vests. Feel free to stop them when you see them.

    Did you know … We are focusing on improving the patient experience, from the ED to discharge, and implementing creative solutions to ensure patients have safe and prompt attention to their healthcare needs.

    • Ontario Health Card
    • Medical insurance information if you live outside Ontario
    • List of current medications
    • Any records you have regarding your health
    • Private health insurance cards
    • Personal Health Information Card


  • Emergency and Urgent CareThe Niagara Health System has created a Personal Emergency Information Card to help prepare you for a health emergency. Copies of the card are available in the ED and can also be downloaded and printed here. You are encouraged to keep it up to date and carry it in your wallet.

    Filling out a Personal Emergency Information Card will help emergency responders and hospital personnel ensure your treatment is appropriate and respects your wishes.

  • A valid Ontario Health Insurance Plan (OHIP) card covers most hospital services, but there are a few things that are not covered:

    • Ambulance charge of $45 (OHIP covers the remainder of the cost)
    • Medical equipment such as crutches, casts, knee immobilizers
    • Charges for a semi-private or private room if requested by the patient
    • Transportation home from the hospital

    If you are not covered by OHIP or your OHIP card has expired, you will be charged for your hospital visit as well as a physician fee.

    If you receive any of these services, please see the cashier to make payment before you leave the hospital.


Please click on the links below for more information.
Women, Babies and Children
Mental Health and Addictions

Compliments or concerns?

Your feedback is vital to help us make your experience the best it can possibly be.
Have a question or concern with care at the NHS? Please contact Patient Relations by email at patientrelations@niagarahealth.on.ca or call 905.378.4647 ext. 44423.